This technology is directed to nanostructures in general and to metal nanoblades in particular. Oblique angle deposition has been demonstrated as an effective technique to produce three-dimensional nanostructures, such as nanosprings and nanorods. Because of the physical shadowing effect, the oblique incident vapor is preferentially deposited onto the highest surface features. This novel nanostructure is an array of thin crystalline magnesium nanoblades, which are coated with nanocatalyst palladium to act as high surface area structures for hydrogen storage.
Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is an ideal technique for fabricating thin layers requiring precision-controlled nanoscale film thickness. It is a type of chemical vapor deposition (CVD), wherein a film is built up through deposition of multiple ultra thin layers of atomic level controllability, with the thickness of the ultimate film being determined by the number of layers deposited.
The continued development of optical communications requires fast information processing. Therefore, ultrafast, all-optical systems and switches for basic processing at both ends of an optical transmission line are replacing electronic systems. However, there are speed and fabrication limits on present all-optical switches imposed by the properties of the materials presently used. This technology provides an improved ultrafast high sensitivity all-optical switch made from a single-walled carbon nanotube.
For many decades, dry processing techniques, such as physical vapor deposition (PVD), have played a dominant role in integrated circuit metallization processes. During microelectronic device fabrication, films are often deposited on non-planar surfaces. The surface topography that wafers exhibit at various steps in the fabrication process arise from patterned features related to, for example, trenches andor vias.