This technology relates to supports for catalytically active material, particularly for CO oxidation and lean burn deNOx control. There is a need for synthesis routes for supported catalyst that allow for formation of patterned and interconnected porous supports with catalyst nanoparticles of controllable size distributed throughout the support structure. The present technology includes a catalyst composite where both the support and the catalyst are synthesized using the same soft template, at room temperature.
Isolating individual components of nanoscale architectures comprised of thin films or nanostructures, without significantly impacting their functionalities, is a critical challenge in micro- and nano-scale device fabrication. One example that illustrates this challenge is seen in Cu interconnect structures for nanometer devices. These devices use interfacial barrier nanolayers to isolate copper layers from dielectric layers.