This technology relates to a plasma diagnostic method by directing THz radiation into plasma and detecting an emission due to the interaction of the THz radiation with the plasma to characterize the plasma. Terahertz (THz) waves occupy a segment of the electromagnetic spectrum between the infrared and microwave bands. As such, they can be used for imaging and sensing in ways not possible with conventional technologies such as X-ray and microwave. Because THz radiation transmits through almost anything that is not metal or liquid, the waves can see through most materials that might be used to conceal explosives or other materials, such as packaging, corrugated cardboard, clothing, shoes, backpacks, and book bags.

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Natasha Sanford